# Questions tagged [natural-deduction]

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### Why is it simpler to express the cut-elimination rule in general deductive systems than strictly formal systems?

This article says: Depending on the strength of the metalanguage used to define the judgments and steps, simply having a deductive system does not in itself necessarily yield an effective procedure ...
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### Prove with natural deduction

Prove P ∨ Q, Q ∨ R, P → ¬R |- Q with natural deduction. P ∨ Q, premiss Q ∨ R, premiss P → ¬R, premiss ... ... Conclusion, Q I dont know how to properly solve this question? I know somewhat how to ...
117 views

### Elemination of duplicate premise

Suppose that I have proof tree starting with some statement |- B in a sequent calculus, leading to two premises/leafs |- A. Is it always possible to transform such a proof tree into another proof tree,...
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1 vote
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### Formal Logic - Natural deduction: Problem with assumptions about exists-negation

I'm stuck on how to progress with this proof, despite I have tried, I cannot see the next move. Given this proof without predicate: So far what I've accomplished: My idea is, as I can't see any ...
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### Prove (p → ¬q) is equivalent to ¬(p ∧ q)

I need to prove the above sequent using natural deduction. I did the first half already i.e. I proved $(p\rightarrow\neg q)\rightarrow \neg (p \wedge q)$, but I'm stuck on where to start for the ...
1 vote
170 views

### Proving the validity of a sequent using Modus Tollens

Problem: Prove $p \rightarrow (q \vee r), \neg q, \neg r \vdash \neg p$ using Modus Tollens. I need to prove the validity of the above sequent by using natural deduction. Initially, I didn't read the ...
950 views

### Natural deduction: understanding bottom elimination (¬e)

I am new to natural deduction and upon reading about various methods online, I came across the rule of bottom-elimination in the following example. I do not understand the step in line 10. Upon ...
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