# Questions tagged [network-flow]

Network flows are used to model concepts like traffic or water pipe systems. The basic idea is to move as many units of flow from source to sink nodes via edges with limited capacity.

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### Flow graph that requires pushing back flow in Ford Fulkerson

Does there exist a flow graph that always requires flow to be pushed back no matter what ordering of augmenting paths is chosen in Ford Fulkerson? Let's assume we use the standard procedure of ...
1 vote
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### Max flow, min cost with upper and lower bounds

:) I am trying to implement an algorithm that fairly distributes people into groups, given their ranking of those groups, while also taking into account their preference for partners. I have modeled ...
22 views

### Maximum flow of multiples [closed]

The problem is that I'm given 3 numbers N which represents the number of nodes in my graph, M which reprensents the amount of vertexes and x which represents an amount of people. The problem is that I ...
16 views

### maximum step of sorting network

How to calculate the maximum step of sorting network? Based on image below, it has most comparators at second index which is 9 comparators than another indices. That's mean, overall networks need 9 ...
1 vote
28 views

### Lower bounds on max-flow and assignment problems

As far as I know, all existing strongly polynomial algorithms for flows and assignment problem have $\Omega(V^3)$ complexity in the arithmetic model (assuming the graph is dense). I'm interested in ...
303 views

### Complexity of removing edges to eliminate a perfect matching

Suppose $G$ is a bipartite graph which has a perfect matching. I want to find the fewest number of edges to delete from $G$ so that a perfect matching no longer exists. What is the complexity of this ...
1 vote
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### epsilon-optimality in cycle-cancelling for min cost flow

I'm learning about the (min-mean) cycle-cancelling alg for min-cost flow in Ahuja, Magnanti, and Orlan's Network Flows book (Chapters 9 and 10). When talking about the alg, they prove this fact ...
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### Edge connectivity using flow network

Find an algorithm for edge connectivity in undirected graph using flow networks. Try to use $O(m)$ edges. So basically the flow network should be used as a "helper function" and the graph ...
56 views

### Dinitz’ algorithm in simple unit-capacity networks

I am studying for an algorithm design course, and can't understand this demonstration about how Dinitz’ algorithm computes a maximum flow in $O(m \sqrt{n})$ time. This is what is written on the slides ...
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### Finding min s-t cut of network with flow on the nodes

Given a network with flow on the nodes. How can we find min s-t cut in a network with flow on the nodes? We know how to find min s-t cut whenever there’s a network with flow on the edges (Ford ...
644 views

### Find max total revenue in a directed graph

Problem: Imagine you are an agent with a knapsack, who travels a known route of cities. All cities are different: $C_1 \rightarrow C_2 \rightarrow \dots \rightarrow C_n$. Each city offers you to buy ...
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### Max flow with a minimal in-degree objective on certain nodes (for edges with non-zero flow)

The following a small-scale example meant to illustrate the general problem Suppose we have $n = 60$ marbles that we want to distribute into 3 bowls, $B = \{bowl_1, bowl_2, bowl_3\}$ The marbles can ...
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### Can Gomory-Hu tree algorithm be applied to graphs with more than one connected component?

If I have an undirected graph with more than one connected component, can I apply the Gomory-Hu algorithm directly on the entire graph or do I have to apply it separately to each component?
1 vote
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### Why in Edmonds Karp or Ford Fulkerson Algorithm the time complexity of BFS or DFS respectively is O(E) rather than O(V+E)?

For these algorithms, the time complexity of BFS and DFS is O(E). I have gone through many websites and even the algorithm books, but I never got a clear idea of why it is O(E). It just says it's O(E) ...
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### Confused with the proof that Edmonds-Karp always monotically increases the shortest-paths

The proof for the lemma from "Introduction to Algorithms by Cormen et. al." is not clear for me. I can't comprehend a few things. Here is a lemma and its proof. My questions are below. The notation ...
1 vote
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### Defining multi commodity flows as polytopes

In a multi commodity network, we define a demand to be a vector $d \in \mathbb{R}^{k}$, where $k$ is the number of pairs of sinks. That is, $k = \binom{S}{2}$, where $S$ is the set of sinks (aka ...
1 vote
643 views

### find edges such that if decreased by one unit, the max flow decreases as well

We are given a flow network $G = (V,E,c)$, where $c$ is the capacity function as well as a maximum flow $f_m: E\rightarrow \mathbb R$ from $s$ to $t$. The goal is to find edges such that if decreased ...
276 views

### Possible ways to have cross and full edges in a mincut maxflow

I am trying to solve the following problem about maxflow mincut it seems like my conclusion is incorrect and I am wonder where. There is no graph just following question. An edge e can be (x) ...
184 views

### Max flow algorithm for floating-point weights and E~=10*V

Could you, please, suggest a maximum flow algorithm for a graph with floating-point weights and the number of edges approximately equal to the number of vertices? I.e. ...
20 views

### What is practical implication of Bandwidth delay product?

It's given that the bandwidth-delay product defines the number of bits that can fill the link; while the sender can send (1+(2 * Bandwidth * Delay)) units before getting acknowledged for the first ...
1 vote
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### Covering maximal number of sets using fixed number of elements

I've encountered some problem which seems general enough to have already been solved. There is a set of objects $O=\{o_1, o_2,\dots,o_k\}$ and a family of sets $A_1,A_2,\dots,A_t \subseteq O$. For ...
168 views

### Ensure a vertex has the highest flow in max-flow algorithm

Let's suppose we have a supplier, sorting facilities, shipping companies and a target warehouse. We produce n packages of the product, and each goes to a different sorting facility (so every facility ...
81 views

### Best time to buy and sell stocks with multiple buy transactions are allowed and can sell all shares at once

I've been trying to solve a variation of this problem https://stackoverflow.com/questions/62389658/best-time-to-buy-and-sell-stocks-when-allowing-consecutive-buys-or-sells You are given an input array ...
1 vote
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### Solving shortest path with negative weights with linear program. What is the underlying problem we want to solve?

Let us consider a shortest path problem with weights $w_e$ for each edge $e$. It can be formulated as a (integer) linear program (ILP). \begin{align} \min \quad &\sum_{e \in E} w_e x_e \\ s.t. \...
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### How to reduce $k$-oriented problem to max flow problem?

Given an undirected graph $G$, how to reduce this problem :"Judge whether every edge of $G$ can be given a orientation such that for every vertex $v$ in $G$ has input-degree of at most $k$" ...
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### Minimum cost flow, handling antiparallel-double edges

In maximum flow if you have double(antiparallel) edges you just add an intermediate node and break the edge in two with the same capacity. In minimum cost flow you can do the same but break the cost ...
103 views

### How to find the subsets S and T and the min-cut of this graph?

I get the residual graph by Ford-Fulkerson Algorithm: I get that the minimum cut can be found by the residual graph, and when traversing this residual network from the source to all reachable nodes, ...
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### Inverted Min Cost Max Flow

I'm starting to think there's no possible solution to this problem, but before jumping to conclusions I want to confirm it with collective knowledge. Let's imagine that there's a 2D grid, where S ...
1 vote
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### Networks and data flow - graph algorithms for propagating updates from nodes correctly

Suppose I have an acyclic directed graph of Nodes which subscribe to Events. When an Event callback is activated for some Node, the Node's internal update() method is called. Then, because the Node ...
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### Budgeted min cost max flow in bipartite where the flows must also be a matching set

I'm trying to find a problem description that is roughly akin to a budgeted min-cost max-weight bipartite matching where the capacities are greater than 1. Imagine a max-flow problem on a graph that ...
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### Network flow - properties of a vertex that belong to any minimum cut

while solving some questions about network flow I was wondering about the following statement: Given a network flow (a graph $G=(V,E)$ with a source $s \in V$ and sink $t \neq s \in V$) > and an ...
1 vote
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### Minimize bottleneck in flow network

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a flow network with two vertices $s,t$ also each edge has its capacity equal to $\infty$. Our goal is to transfer a flow of size $C$ from $s$ to $t$ so that minimize an edge that has ...
64 views

### Showing that the max-flow min-cut theorem holds for negative capacities as well

I want to show that the max-flow min-cut theorem still holds for a graph or network with non-positive capacities for edges as well. I was thinking I could just flip the edges and thereby flip the ...
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### Will the Ford-Fulkerson Algorithm always return the same min-cut for any source-sink from one side of the min-cut to the other?

I was playing around with https://visualgo.net/en/maxflow when I realized a pattern: Take this graph, for example. We notice that the min-cut divides the graph into two sets of nodes: {0, 2, 3, 6} ...
158 views

### Finding the nodes in the source and sink side of a min-cut

We are learning of the Ford-Fulkerson Algorithm for max-flow/min-cut, and I have been wondering of the following question: How do we exactly find which nodes are on the "sink" side of the ...
80 views

### Network Flow - qualities of saturated edges

While I know that every edge is fully saturated in every min-cut of a network flow, I'm trying to get some intuition when the converse is true. I can find an example using edges with infinite capacity,...
1 vote
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### Successive shortest paths with fixed costs and costs per unit

I have a directed graph $G(V,A)$ with arc costs $c_{ij} = \alpha_{ij}1_{x_{ij}>0} +\beta_{ij}x_{ij}$, where $\alpha_{ij}$ and $\beta_{ij}$ are, respectively, a fixed cost and a cost per unit of ...
164 views

### Min-cut with maximal number of edges

I’ve searched for a solution for this problem for some time now, it is out of an algorithm question sheet. We know that in order to find the minimal amount of edges in a flow graph’s min-cut we need ...
1 vote
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### Decide whether a flow graph has a single min-cut

The problem is whether a graph (which we represent as a flow network) has a single min-cut, or there could be multiple min cuts with the same maximum flow value, I've yet to encounter a well explained ...
191 views

### A variation of the maximum bipartite matching problem

Given a bipartite simple graph $G=(V,E)$, where $V=A\cup B$ and $A\cap B=\emptyset$, any edge in $E$ connects two vertices in $A$ and $B$, respectively. The maximum bipartite matching problem is to ...
32 views

### Struggling to disprove this flow network question

Consider a flow network $G$. Let $(S, T)$ be a min-cut of $G$. Let $(u, v)$ be an edge that crosses the cut from $S$ to $T$. Claim: increasing the capacity of $(u, v)$ causes the value of the maximum ...
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### Can the airline scheduling algorithm (network flow) be extended to handle seating capacities?

The airline scheduling problem determines the minimum number of airplanes required to service a set of passenger flights, where a plane can service routes A$\rightarrow$B and C$\rightarrow$D if there ...
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### Maximum Flow algorithm. How to prove the following statements

Good Evening, So I am trying to solve this exercise which is a paticular case of maximum flow algorithm. Here the graph must have all even edges and 1 odd edge and it must have a maximum flow that is ...
1 vote
215 views

### Maximum flow in integer flow network

Let's say you have a maximum integer flow function in a network with 7 directed edges, meaning the flow cannot be increased anymore. The capacity of each edge is then increased by one. The capacity of ...
223 views

### Literature on network-flow (optimization) approximation algorithms

I've been searching on literature on approximation algorithms in the context of network-flow problems (optimization) to finish my bachelor degree. However, I have been looking in several well-known ...
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### State of the art implementations of minimum-cost multicommodity flow approximation algorithms

I'm looking for implementations of approximation algorithms (or algorithms that would be meaningful to implement for use in practice) for the minimum-cost multicommodity flow problem as defined in e.g....
1 vote
215 views

### Max-flow problem with additional constraint

Consider the max-flow problem with a set of additional constraints, each in the following form: the flow on edge $e$ must equal the flow on edge $e'$. My question is how to modify existng max-flow ...
1 vote
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### Can distance from source to any of the vertex decrease during the run of Ford Fulkerson algorithm?

During the run of Ford Fulkerson algorithm if we label each vertex with d(v) where it means the shortest path distance from source to vertex v in residual graph. Is it possible that for some vertex ...
### Max flow in bipartite network where all vertices on the left hand side have degree exactly $2$
I have a flow question which I'm stumped on but seems like there should be an answer that I am not seeing. Consider a network with a start $s$ and an end $t$ and a bipartite graph $L \cup R$. $s$ is ...