# Questions tagged [partitions]

A partition or partitioning of a set A is a collection of disjoint sets whose union yields A.

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### Fastest known algorithm for $3$-$\mathrm{Partition}$ problem

$3$-$\mathrm{Partition}$ problem is $\mathsf{NP}$-Complete in a strong sense meaning there is no pseudo-polynomial time algorithm for it unless $\mathsf{P=NP}$. I am looking for the fastest known ...
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### How to distribute items of varying sizes into bins of varying sizes, such that percent utilization across all bins is minimized?

I have a bunch of databases, each having different access patterns, such that each puts a different amount of load on its database cluster. I would like to distribute them around my set of database ...
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### How to sample a perfect partition uniformly at random?

I would like to sample $n$ integers (of some fixed length, say $k$ bits) uniformly at random, and have them partitioned into two sets of equal sum. Since finding such a perfect partition (even if it ...
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### Even distribution algorithm

Right now I am working on a distributed system that sends messages from single source to many nodes. It is necessary that certain messages are sent to the same node to ensure order of processing. ...
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### Graph optimization problem with multiple objectives/constraints

Let's assume that we have a directed acyclic graph $G = (V, E)$, non-negative vertex weight functions $w_a(v)$ and $w_b(v)$, and a non-negative edge weight function $t(u,v)$. We want to divide ...
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### Reduction from 3-partition to ABC-partition

The ABC-partition problem is a variant of 3-partition in which, instead of a single set $S$ with $3 m$ positive integers, there are three sets $A, B, C$ with $m$ positive integers in each. The goal is ...
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### Split a graph into 2 components with known distribution?

I'm trying to find a method to randomly split a connected planar graph $G$ into two connected components, such that the sum of the weights of vertices in each component are relatively close. (If there ...
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### Partition columns into m groups to maximize absolute value sums

The Task You are given $n$ columns each of length $m$. All values are either $-1$ or $1$. Find an assignment $s$ of each of columns to 1 of $m$ groups in order to maximize the sum of all the absolute ...
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### Schedule X Classes In N Classrooms

I would really appreciate any thought on this, or under which category does this problem fall (Interval scheduling, Interval partitioning,...) I am really out of thoughts I have X number of classes ...
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### Seeking an algorithm for finding the partition of data on an interval that maximizes the minimum fitness among the blocks

In the paper "An algorithm for optimal partitioning of data on an interval" (link) the authors describe an algorithm for partitioning data on an interval to maximize a fitness function. The fitness ...
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### Is there a more commonly-used term for "multi-pivoting"?

Consider the following computational problem (or rather, task): Given: An array of $A$ of (not necessarily distinct) elements from a fully-ordered finite domain An ordered sequence pivot ...
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### k-way set partition problem--dynamic programming solution

I was reading up on the set partition problem on this site of Wikipedia: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partition_problem Among other things, they present a DP approach to solving the equal subset ...
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### Reducing partition to a partition where sum(partition1) = 3 times sum(partition2)

Given the following NP-complete problem: PARTITION Input: A list of positive integers $a_1, a_2, \dots, a_n$. Question: Can the list be partitioned into $2$ parts, $A_1$ and $A_2$, such ...
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### min cut for multiple partitions

So I am familiar with the standard minimum cut problem in which the goal is to find the smallest possible set of edges in a graph such that, upon their removal, we have two nonempty, disjoint ...
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### Does an FPTAS exist for the multiple subset sum problem when m is fixed and c is not a variable?

From Wikipedia Multiple subset sum: The multiple subset sum problem (MSSP) is a generalization of the subset sum problem (SSP): given a multiset $S$ of $n$ integers, and an integer $m$, the goal is to ...
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### Prove Product Partition is NP-complete in the strong sense

I am trying to understand how to prove that the Product Partition problem is NP-complete in the strong sense. The problem is similar to the normal Partition problem, except in this case the product of ...
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### Balanced $\epsilon$-separated partitioning by a hyperplane

Suppose we have $m$ points in $R^n$ and $\epsilon>0$ is a given constant. How can we find a hyperplane that the number of points that are $\epsilon$-close to it is minimum, with the constraint that ...
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### Exact algorithm for the partition problem

The partition problem is: given a set of numbers, find a partition to two subsets in which the difference between the sums in each subset is minimized. This optimization problem is NP-hard. The simple ...
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### Computational Geometry: what is the key of the BST in the algorithm " Partitioning a polygon in y-monotone pieces"

The algorithm to partition a polygon into y-monotone pieces is as follows: ...
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### Non-standard partition problem

I've been writing codes to solve a standard partition problem. I've investigated brute force, greedy, Karmarkar-Karp and complete Karmarkar-Karp algorithms. Standard partition problem: divding a ...
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### Find the max partition of unique elements where each element corresponds to the set pool containing that element

Given a list of sets: a b c -> _ c d -> d b d -> b a c -> a a c -> c The objective is to find the max partition of unique elements with ...
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### Directed Acyclic Graph partition into minimum subgraphs with a constraint

I have this problem, not sure there is a name for it, wherein a Directed Acyclic Graph has different colored nodes. The idea is to partition it into minimum number of subgraphs with the following 2 ...
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### Evaluating clustering/partitioning quality

I'm wondering what are the most common/recognized methods to assess the quality of a clustering. That is because I have developed a tool that can cluster/partition a network (in this case, a public ...
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### $k$-partitioning problem via brute force

Given a set of non-negative integers $A = \{a_1,a_2,\dots,a_N \}$, the $k$-partitioning problem is to partition the numbers into $k$ sets $\{A_1,A_2,\dots, A_k\}$ such that the deviation:  \...
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### Is a minimal deviation version of set partition problem NP-Hard?

I want to know if a specific version (and what´s its name?) of the Set Partitioning Problem is NP-Complete, and if, is NP-Hard? Problem: Given a set of elements $e_i$ where $i={1,...,n}$, each with ...
My problem is the following: Input: a set of $m$ non-negative integers $\{b_1,...,b_m\}$ and a parameter $n$ with $n<m$. Output: $n$ sets of 3 numbers Task: Cut the $b_i$'s into $3n$ integers such ...