Questions tagged [regular-expressions]

Questions about regular expressions, a formalism to describe regular languages.

72 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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Minimal regular expression that matches a given set of words

I have a dictionary-like regular expression, an "or chain" of words, word1|word2|word3|... Unfortunately, the chain is too large. I'd like to find the minimal ...
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94 views

Calculating with regexes

We use a regex engine (say, PCRE) that allows grouping subexpressions with parentheses and recalling the value they match in the search / replace expressions (backreferences, denoted by \i for ...
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116 views

Is there a polynomial-time algorithm to minimize regular expressions without Kleene closures/stars?

I have read that minimizing regular expressions is, in general, PSPACE-complete. Is it known whether minimizing regular expressions without the Kleene closure (star, asterisk) is in P? The language ...
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212 views

How to disambiguate symbolic regular expressions

What I mean by a "symbolic regular expression" (if there already is a different name for this I'm not aware of it) is a regular expression that may include exponents that are symbolic arithmetic ...
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566 views

Distinguishing probabilistic, deterministic, and fuzzy matching methods

I have two datasets that I am trying to match to one another. One dataset's contents is a subset of the other, but contains typographical errors of varying types and magnitude. I am applying the ...
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48 views

Minimal regular expression from minimal NFA for finite language in polynomial time?

Given a minimal NFA for a finite language, is there a polynomial-time algorithm to find a minimal regular expression for the same language? This question is based on a recent question regarding ...
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68 views

Regex NFA construction: Why use Glushkov over Thompson? Pros/Cons

In what circumstances should we prefer Glushkov's algorithm or Thompson's construction for the building of regular expression NFAs? I understand the difference between them, and can follow the ...
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122 views

Algorithms to match regular expressions containing backreferences

I'm trying to come up with an implementation of a matcher for regular expressions containing backreferences like: ([a-c])x\1 which would match ...
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46 views

Transform Double Metaphone code into regex

I am using hyperscan to search through large texts for a lot of regexes. One addition should be selective phonetic search for individual words. The algorithm of choice is Double Metaphone (but please ...
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94 views

Which transducer models replacement in regex?

I am looking for the right transducer which allows to translate a sequence of literals into a sequence of same literals (or a subset of them) in arbitrary order. For example: ABC => CAB, which, with ...
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263 views

What is a regular expression for solutions to the dog/cat/mouse river crossing puzzle?

This is a question that's been bugging me off and on for years, ever since I took a compiler theory class as an undergraduate. There, we learned how to convert a regular expression into a non-...
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50 views

Effectively compute bound and period of regular expression on single alphabet

It is known that an infinite language $L\subseteq \{a\}^*$ is regular iff the set $U:=\{x|a^x\in L\}$ is ultimately periodic. (A set $U\subseteq\mathbb{N}$ is said to be ultimately periodic if there ...
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95 views

How does a minimal DFA ensure minimal computational cost?

I just went to read wikipedia to check a point on FA minimization, and I read there the following sentence: The minimal DFA ensures minimal computational cost for tasks such as pattern matching. ...
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18 views

Is $L = \{ w : \#_a(w) = \#_b(w) \}$ regular?

Is $L = \{ w : \#_a(w) = \#_b(w) \}$ regular? I do not think it is. I recently posted a question and from there I was thinking if this language is regular. If we assume on the contrary, then there ...
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1answer
36 views

Construct regular expression that contains the substring

I need to write a regular expression for the following set of strings on Σ = {a, b, c} in which the number of b’s is even, and contains abcba as a substring. So far, the even number of b's can be ...
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2answers
330 views

Over the alphabet {a,b,c,d}, how would i construct a NFA that only accepts strings that end with a letter that is already part of the string?

I've been trying to create a NFA that accepts strings that end with a letter that exists in the string. For example abcdb, cbdd, acac etc. while strings like abc aacd etc are not accepted since the ...
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15 views

Regex vs line by line read efficiency - general concept question

Say, I have a file that is somewhere between 10-20 pages long. I need to extract 10-20 pieces of information from it that I can fairly easily extract using a series of regex-es or by running code that ...
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1answer
72 views

Converting DFA to Regular Expression Using State Removal

I'm trying to convert the following NFA to a regular expression. I've attached my work below and end up with the expression $aa^*bb^*$. As far as I can tell, this doesn't seem correct but I've been ...
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0answers
95 views

Is ASM a regular language?

I'm giving a presentation where I have a single slide dedicated to formal languages. In this slide I give a simplified overview of the Chomsky Hierarchy and I'd like to give an example of a real world ...
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39 views

Regular expressions for set of all strings on alphabet $\{a, b\}$

I came across following regular expressions which equals $(a+b)^*$ (set of all strings on alphabet $\{a, b\}$): $(a^*+bb^*)^*$ $(a^*b+b^*a)^*$ $(a^*bb^*+b^*ab^*)^*(a^*b+b^*a)^*b^*a^*$ I want to ...
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119 views

Extending Thompson's NFA algorithm with backreferences

I'm looking for an algorithm as efficient as possible for a regex engine that supports submatch tracking (a.k.a capturing parentheses) and backreferences. What I mean by as efficient as possible is ...
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0answers
360 views

How to design a LL(1) grammar for basic regular expression?

I try to design a LL(1) grammar to parse the basic regular expression. Here's the origin grammar.(\| is the escape character, since | is a special character in grammar's pattern). ...
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835 views

How can I find worst time complexity for a Regular Expression problem?

I am not looking for the complexity of following algorithm but rather how to think about the problem and calculate complexity of a given solution? One way is to perhaps use The Master Method for ...
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0answers
29 views

Pseudo-random regex-searchable function

Let $L$ be the set of strings of length $n$ (say $n=400$, for example). Let $N = \{0,1,\dots,|L|-1\}$. I am looking for a function $f : N \to L$ with the following properties: $f$ is efficiently ...
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59 views

Regular Expression Metric space

With Levenshtein distance we can create a metric space over string. Is there are any distance metrics for regular expressions?
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184 views

What is the correct regular expression for this language?

Consider the following problem: $L$ is the language of regular expression $00^*11^*$. $DM(L)$ is the language obtained from $L$ by throwing away every even-length string belonging to it and for each ...
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216 views

Regexp substitution and finite-state transducers

Many programming languages support a "regular expression substitution" operation: if r is a regular expression and s, ...
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115 views

Can regular expression captures be matched by a CFG being simulated by an $LR(k)$ parser?

I have seen this question: Are regular expressions $LR(k)$? and my question is slightly related. Suppose I have a regular expression: RE=(aa)?(aa) and I convert it to a grammar: G ::= A B A ::= C | (...
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30 views

Regular expression for all binary words avoiding 11

I am reading a book example on regular expressions and I have a trouble to get why the answer is correct. "Write a regular expression for the regular language that contains all the strings by 0's ...
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25 views

Finding all possible matches of regular expression in a string

Given a regular expression, the goal is to find all matches in a string, str. Most implementations give longest match only. For example, [\d]* in str "123456", the regex libraries in C++ or ...
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0answers
19 views

All string matches for regular expression

Given a regular expression, the ask is to find all matches in a string, str. Most implementations give longest match only. For example, [\d]* in str "123456", the regex libraries in C++ or ...
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1answer
26 views

Read regular Expression from NFA

Good evening everyone! Can someone help me with the following task? So we have this NFA: I was supposed to create a regular expression out of it. Now the solution says: $a^{+}b^{+}(c|ca^{*}b^{+})^{*}$...
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27 views

Converting a regular expression to a grammar and regular grammar

I am working on a pretty small lab for my university course and I'm having trouble converting a given regex into a set of regular definitions, then into a grammar and finally a regular grammar. I have ...
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1answer
44 views

a^ib^jc^k, i < j < k is a context-sensitive language, how can prove it as a context sensitive

I've been pondering this question for a long time, that $a^ib^jc^k, i < j < k$ is a context-sensitive language, how we can prove it to be context sensitive or which grammar can generate such a ...
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29 views

Constant single match regex

I am looking for the name (definition?) of X in: A regular expression is X iff it has exactly one possible match. Examples: <empty regex>, abc, ...
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1answer
28 views

Convert the given NFA to DFA

I am trying to find an DFA for the regular language given by the expression $L\left( aa^{\ast }\left( a+b\right) \right)$. First simplifying $L\left( aa^{\ast }\left( a+b\right) \right)$ we get $L\...
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52 views

Does the order of ripping off the states matter?

Do we get same regular expressions at the end regardless of the order that we take the states step by step? Can somebody prove by exemplification?
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46 views

Construct a DFA with reduced states equivalent to 10 + (0 + 11)0*1

I have found this question in a book. I could convert it into its equivalent DFA. But the problem is with the "reduced state" part. I think the answer given in the book is wrong. What would be the DFA ...
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45 views

Regular grammars

I am fairly new to automata, regular expressions and regular grammar. I am struggling to understand how to define the regular expression (abc)* into one or several regular grammar expressions. ...
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61 views

McNaughton-Yamada Algotihm (1960) Regular Expression to DFA without passing through NFA

I have a homework problem here. It asks me to use the McNaughton-Yamada algorithm to first convert a regular expression to a DFA, and then minimize this using a partition argument. I can do the latter....
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51 views

Prove the equivalence between regular expressions (cb*c+cb*b)* and (cc)*+(cc)*(cb)(b+c)*

I need to prove the equivalence of the following regular expressions: (cb*c+cb*b)* (cc)*+(cc)*(cb)(b+c)* using the following equivalence rules: • (1) (E + F) + G = E + (F + G) • (2) E + F = F + E ...
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119 views

Strings that do not contain 11 as a substring

Today I had a couple of formal language lectures. The Instructor wrote a regular expression for the alphabet $\{0,1\}$ which does not include any string which includes "11" as a substring. She wrote ...
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49 views

Why is a Context Free Grammar that is simultaneously in Chomsky Normal Form and Greibach Normal Form regular?

In my course materials, there is one sentence about how if CFG is in Chomsky Normal Form, it is not regular, and if it is in Greibach Normal form, it also is not. But when a grammar is simultaneously ...
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66 views

Regex Questions?

I need to match all words having two adjacent vowels that differ. I did this /\b(?=\w*([aeiou])(?!\1)[aeiou])\w+/ but I am not allowed to use the ?! and it needs to be done in as few characters as ...
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29 views

What exactly is “pattern matching”?

I know some examples of "pattern matching". E.g. in the context of functional programming, and regular expressions. But is there a precise definition? In particular, it seems that it has to do with ...
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1answer
53 views

Regular expression and Right Regular grammar for decimals starting with 1 ending with 9?

I was trying to do the following: Consider the set of all strings over the alphabet {0,1,2,9} that are decimal numbers beginning with 1 and ending with 9 and having exactly one decimal point (.). ...
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43 views

What is a Regular BNF Grammar and a Regular Expression for (simple) Resource Identifiers?

I was trying to make a regular grammar for resource identifier described as follows: Consider the set of all strings over the alphabet $\{ a, b, / , . \}$ that represent an RI (resource ...
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49 views

Proving that the language of regular expressions is not regular

Prove that the language consisting of all valid regular expressions is not regular. I am approaching this using the Myhill-Nerode Theorem as follows: I am trying to find a pairwise distinguishable ...
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Uncommon case in Arden's lemma $q_{2} = 1q_{2} \cup 0q_{2}$

I'm trying to get the regular expression of an automata but an state has a form that I don't know how to solve, the form on its simplest example is: $$q_{2} = 1q_{2} \cup 0q_{2}$$ What's the ...
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1k views

Regex to match number ranges less than a certain number

I'm trying to write some code to match numbers below certain bounds. I would much appreciate nay help somebody could give, I'm pretty lost with this one... NB. I've checked the forums and can find ...