# Questions tagged [semi-decidability]

Questions about which problems are semi-decidable, also known as recognizable or recursively enumerable.

29 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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### Efficient algorithm to determine if a lambda calculus term is equivalent to one without a given free variable

Consider the following problem: given a lambda calculus term $t$ and free variable $v$ determine whether $\phi(t,v)$, where $\phi(t,v) := \exists t'. t' \equiv t \land v \notin FV(t')$. This problem ...
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### How To Show That B is Semi-Decidable Given A

I am preparing for my Computational Theory final and ran into this exact problem : B={ x | there exists a prefix of x that is in A}. Show that B is semi-decidable. In other words, you need to ...
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### How to prove a Language is neither a Computably enumerable nor Co-Computably enumerable?

What would be the general approach for that? And what are the things that generally overlooked while proving such things? For example, I have a Language, L ={e:$L(M_e)$ such that it accepts only 'a ...
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### Decidability for $\exists w´, w´´\in L:$ so that |w´´| - |w´| is prime

I tried to decide wheter the given Language $L = \{ \langle M \rangle | M \space is \space TM \space and \space \exists \space w´,w´´\in L(M):|w´´|-|w´| \space is \space prime \}$ is recursive or ...
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### k-limited solution for PCP

So there's following problem, that has been bugging me for the last few days: A solution of a PCP $i_{1},\dots,i_{n}$ with the cards $(x_{1} ,y_{1}),\dots,(x_{m}, y_{m})$ is considered as $k$-...
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### How to show that these two disjoint sets $A$ and $B$ exist

I came across this problem which asks to show the existence of two disjoint Turing-recognizable sets $A$ and $B$ such that no decidable set $C$ can separate them... In this case, a set $C$ is said to ...
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### Need help understanding what co-recursively enumerable means

Lets say I have a set: $L = \{\langle G \rangle | L(G) = \Sigma^{\star}\}$ and the question asks if it is co-RE. I know that if something is co-RE, it halts on every input not in L but may or may not ...
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### The set of words accepted by TMs simultaneously is finite is non semi-decidable

Consider $L = \{(M_1,M_2):\text{the set of words accepted by both TM at the same time is finite}\}$. I want to determine if this language is decidable, semi-decidable or not semi-decidable. My ...
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### Showing that $H'$ is not semi-decidable

I have an introductory class in computability theory and I'm currently working on my first exercises. I'm wondering if I'm on the right track with proving undecidable languages. Could you please have ...
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### Check if language is decidable

I would like to determine if the following language is decidable or not. L = { w $\in$ $\Sigma^*$ | $T(M_w)$ is recognized by a Turing machine with at most 42 states}. I know that every finite ...
203 views

### Determine if a language is Decidable or semi decidable

Consider the language $L = \{\langle M \rangle: \text{$M$accepts at most two single-letter words}\}$, where $\langle M\rangle$ is the encoding of Turing machine $M$. We need to determine, without ...
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### Can you build a solver for a language from a solver for its complement?

If you have a solver for an L in NP do you have enough information to build a solver for co-L in Co-NP? Meaning, is there a procedure that can take you from a solver for one to a solver for another?
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### A TM that doesn't decide Σ*, and a TM that doesn't decide the empty set?

I was wondering if it was possible to create a TM that semi-decides (but doesn't decide) either of the following two languages: $\emptyset$ $\Sigma^{*}$ I assume for 2, a one-state TM that just ...
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### Proving a language is not Semidecidable

I have the language $L = \{ \langle M_1, M_2 \rangle : L(M_1) \subset L(M_2)\}$ and I'd like to prove that it is not Semidecidable. To do so, I need to use a reduction from $\neg H$. I cannot use Rice'...
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### A set that is not recursively enumerable and not (K'≤ A)

Is there a set A such that it's not recursively enumerable and not(K'≤ A) ? where K' is complement of K= {n| φ n (n) halts} Thanks!
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### How to prove that for a decidable problem the problem and the compliment of the problem are semi-decidable?

Given a decidable problem, how would I go about proofing that the problem and the complement of the problem have to be semi-decidable?
408 views

### Decidability of intersection of two languages of same type

Given two context-sensitive languages, $L_1$ and $L_2$ is the problem of "whether $L_1 \cap L_2$ also belongs to CSL" decidable? I have the same question for the case when $L_1$ and $L_2$ belongs to ...
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### Are there any RE-complete languages w.r.t. polynomial reduction?

I need to decide if there exists $L\in RE$ so that for every $L'\in RE$ we have $L' \leqslant_p L$, meaning a polynomial-time reduction. I've tried to use $L=A_{TM}$ (the accepting problem), but got ...
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### Is the Languague which contains all TMs which write the blank symbol at firs by the given input w decidable?

Consider the problem of determining whether a Turing machine M on an input w writes the blank symbol at first. Is this decidable ?
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### Is determining if a Turing Machine stops for at least one entry decidable?

I can't find how to prove the decibility with a reduction. EDIT: I've tried the reduction from the halting problem and the aceptance problem. Stopping for at least one entry has infinite inputs (you ...
I encountered this problem. Let $A$ , $B$ , $C$ be disjoint sets $(A\cap B = B\cap C = A\cap C = \emptyset)$. The $f_1, f_2$ and $f_3$ are partially computable functions that are defined as follow:...
### Show that $L = L_\phi \cup L_{\{\sum^*\}} \notin RE$ with Rice theorem
Show that $L = L_\phi \cup L_{\{\sum^*\}} \notin RE$ with Rice theorem. Well I did show that with reduction, by using $HP'$. Simply by creating a function from $f(\langle M \rangle, x) = (M')$ Thus, ...