Questions tagged [semi-decidability]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Is the language below not decidable , if yes , it is then R.E ?

I am given a Turing machine M as input and i have to find out if this language below decidable and if not is it then in this case recursively enumerable . $$L=\\\{<M> \mid \text{ is ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Prove that an infinite set is semidecidible

I have been asked to prove that: Being C an infinite set. Prove that C is semidecidable if and only if exists a total computable function that is injective and whose image is C. I've read the ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Completeness problem of TM

$L = \{ \langle M \rangle \mid L(M) = \Sigma^∗ \}$ Is above problem R.E ? I found an explanation in one of the websites and I have doubt in few lines of paragraph. The explanation was Now, given a ...
1
vote
1answer
535 views

If a problem is “not semi-decidable” and “not decidable” can we say it is “undecidable”?

I was under impression that when a Language (or problem) is not semi-decidable and not decidable then we can say it's undecidable and I think it makes sense also based on diagram. However, in my ...
0
votes
0answers
179 views

Turing machine accepts two different strings

I am having hard time to proving this problem $C=\{\langle M \rangle \mid M \text{ is a Turing Machine , } L(M) \text { only contains two different strings}\}$ some ideas that i have tried are : i ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Decidability of {(M,w); M terminates on input w and tape of M is empty after computation}

I am currently trying to prove whether the above language is decidable, partially decidable or fully undecidable. I am certain that this language is partially decidable and reducible to the halting ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Prove whether this language is (partially) decidable [duplicate]

I'm currently working on a few turing machine exercises and I can't understand how I can prove whether the below is at least partially decidable: $\{M \mid L(M) = \{x \mid |x| = 10\}\;\}$ where $|x|$ ...
2
votes
1answer
387 views

Deciding on decidability of a problem and reducing it to halting problem if not decidable

Given are two following languages: $L_1 = \{ w\#x \hspace{1mm} | \hspace{1mm} w,x \in \{0, 1\}^* \text{ where } M_w \text{ with input } x \text{ visits each of its states at least once} \}$ $L_2 = ...
3
votes
2answers
563 views

Showing that the language $L = \{\langle M, w \rangle\ |\ M$ moves left at least three times while computing $w \}$ is decidable or undecidable

How would you go about showing that the language $L = \{\langle M, w \rangle\ |\ M$ moves left at least three times while computing $w \}$ is decidable or undecidable? Intuitively my thoughts are ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Enumerable disjoint subsets whose union is equal to the union of the sets

I'm given that two sets, $A$ and $B$ are enumerable. I have to show that there exist subsets $A \supset C$ and $B \supset D$ ($C$ and $D$ also enumerable) such that $C$ and $D$ are disjoint and $A\cup ...
15
votes
3answers
3k views

Are there any countable sets that are not computably enumerable?

A set is countable if it has a bijection with the natural numbers, and is computably enumerable (c.e.) if there exists an algorithm that enumerates its members. Any non-finite computably enumerable ...
0
votes
2answers
197 views

Show that RE is closed against right-quotient

I have a problem that I have no idea how to approach. I've been looking at using mapping reductions, but I can't find a way to apply it. Assume some alphabet $\Sigma$ and two languages $A, B \...
3
votes
1answer
280 views

The Church-Turing-Thesis in proofs

Currently I'm trying to understand a proof of the statement: "A language is semi-decidable if and only if some enumerator enumerates it." that we did in my lecture. One direction of the proof goes ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

The set of words accepted by TMs simultaneously is finite is non semi-decidable

Consider $L = \{(M_1,M_2):\text{the set of words accepted by both TM at the same time is finite}\}$. I want to determine if this language is decidable, semi-decidable or not semi-decidable. My ...
2
votes
1answer
386 views

Are recursively enumerable languages closed under shuffle?

For languages $L_1, L_2$ over some alphabet $\Sigma$, we define $$ \textit{Shuffle}(L_1, L_2) = \{a_1b_1a_2b_2 \cdots a_nb_n : n \geq 1 \wedge a_1, \ldots , a_n \in L_1 \setminus \{ \varepsilon \} \...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

Semi decidability proof

I'm studying for my theory of computation exam and came accross the following question: Construct an appropriate Turing machine for the following language and prove or disprove it's semi-decidability:...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Why is the halting problem semi-decidable?

This is what is know about halting problem and semi-decidability :- Halting problem says that for a given input x and a machine H, we can't say whether the machine H halts or not on input x. A ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

Unrecognizable languages relationship to NP-hard languages

I would like to know if there exists an NP-hard language which is also a member of co-RE\R? I think it depends if P=NP or not, but i'm not sure. Can I simply assume NP-hard is in R? Can you direct ...
0
votes
1answer
523 views

Is it decidable whether a Turing Machine will visit every non-end state from input x?

L = {w#x | w,x ∈{0,1}∗ and Turing Machine Mw with input x visits every non-end state at least once} I believe this problem is undecidable. My proof would consist of me reducing L to a Halting ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Recognizability of $\left\{ \left\langle M\right\rangle |M\text{ is a TM and }A_{TM}\leq\mathcal{L}\left(M\right)\right\} $

Determine whether the following language is decidable, recognizable but not decidable, co-recognizable but not decidable or neither recognizable nor co-recognizable. Prove your answer. $$L=\left\{ \...
1
vote
1answer
881 views

which of the following languages are Recursively Enumerable?

Which of the following languages are recursively enumerable? A={⟨M⟩∣ TM M accepts at most 2 distinct inputs} B={⟨M⟩∣ TM M accepts more than 2 distinct inputs} For first language I think that we can ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

Why is $L=\{\langle M \rangle \mid |L(M)| \geq k\}$ not recognizable?

Here $M$ denotes a turing machine. By set theory, $L = \overline{E_{TM}} \cap \overline{L_0} \cap \overline{L_1}$ where $L_i=\{\langle M \rangle \mid |L(M)|=i\}$. And I know that $\overline{E_{TM}}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
278 views

cardinality of recursive/r.e/not r.e languages? [duplicate]

I was just looking into properties of languages and wondered about the cardinality of them are all recursive languages countable or can they also be uncountable (can u have a recursive language which ...
0
votes
2answers
579 views

How can I prove that there is a decidable language which is not in P?

Generally, I want to use the diagonal argument to prove it. I tried to define a language $A$ which is constructed by a Turing machine $D$: It will only take a input which has a form of a ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

Can a semi-decidable problem be also decidable?

As far as I understand, a semi-decidable (recursively enumerable) problem could be: decidable (recursive) or undecidable (nonrecursively enumerable) ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Semidecidability/Decidability for strings seperated by a non alphabet symbol

I am trying to prove the following: Let $\Sigma $ be an alphabet not containing the symbol "$;$", and suppose that $L \subseteq \Sigma^*$; $\Sigma^*$ is recursively enumerable. If this is the case ...
1
vote
1answer
770 views

Which Turing machine problems are Decidable?

Let $M_0$, $M_1$, $M_2$,..., be an effective enumeration of all Turing machines. Which of the following problems is (are) decidable ? Given a natural number $N$, does $M_N$ starting with an empty ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Is the Rice Theorem applicable for these problems?

I have 1 problem :--> L = { < M > | TM halts on no inputs } I have solved the above problems by reductions given in the book and even there are many links ...
4
votes
4answers
191 views

Is the set of programs that compute some function other than $h$ recursively enumerable?

Let $h$ be a total computable function. Is $S = \{x \mid f_x \neq h\}$ recursively enumerable? Originally this was an exercise that restricted $h$ to: $h(x) = x + 1$ . However, it can be formulated ...
5
votes
2answers
81 views

Show that the set of programs whose Kolmorgorov complexity is smaller than their length is recursively enumerable

Define the language $\qquad R = \{x \in \{0,1\}^\ast \mid C(x) \ge |x| \}$ where $C(x)$ is the Kolmorgorov Complexity of $x$ and $|x|$ denotes the length of $x$. Prove that $R$ is co-...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Suppose $L_1, L_2, …, L_k$ are recursively enumerable languages forming a partition of $\Sigma^*$. How do I show that each $L_i$ are recursive?

Suppose $L_1, L_2, ..., L_k$ are recursively enumerable languages forming a partition of $\Sigma^*$. How do I show that each $L_i$ are recursive ? I see that for $x \in \Sigma^*$, $x$ belongs to ...
1
vote
2answers
915 views

Function is recursive iff its graph is recursively enumerable

So I understand that a function is recursive if there exist a Turing Machine that accepts it and halts on every input, since function is defined everywhere. But how to prove that function is recursive ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Is undecidability of TMs' properties a statistical statement?

We know (by Rice's theorem) that is it not possible to decide a non-trivial property of a given TM. We could say therefore that we cannot be sure at 100 percent that a given TM has a certain non-...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Given language consisting Turing machines is decidable or not?

$$L=\{M\mid \text{there exist }x,y\in\Sigma^* \text{ s.t. }x \in L(M)\text{ and } y \notin L(M)\}\,.$$ I think it's not recursively enumerable because this language reduces to complement of the ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Showing an equivalent definition of $CO-RE$

Let $L_1$ be a language. I would like t prove that $L_1\in CO-RE$ if and only if exists a language $L_2$ s.t. $L_1=\{ u\,\, |\,\, \forall_{v\in\Sigma^*} : <u,v>\in L_2 \}$ and $L_2\in R$. I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
755 views

Partial recursive function with no total recursive extension

We define a partial recursive function $f:\{0,1\}^* \longrightarrow \{0,1\}^*$ to be semi-good if we can define a total recursive function $g:\{0,1\}^* \longrightarrow \{0,1\}^*$ from $f$, such for ...
5
votes
3answers
174 views

Language of TMs that accept some x in less than 50 steps. Is it in co-RE?

L = {M | M is a TM and there exists an input that the TM M accepts in less than 50 steps} I need to find a minimal class it belongs to between R/ RE/ co-RE/ not in RE∪co-RE. I managed to show that ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

how to prove that the property 'doesn't halt for some input' is not semidecidable

I am taking a computer theory class and one of the exercises is to prove that the property "doesn't halt for some input" is not semidecidable. This property is the negation of the property "halts for ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Decidability of $\{p|∃y : \operatorname{Dom}(φ p ) ⊇ \operatorname{Dom}(φ y )\}$

I need to classify the set $$\{p|∃y : \operatorname{Dom}(φ p ) ⊇ \operatorname{Dom}(φ y )\}$$ as decidable, semidecidable or not semidecidable. I don't know how to start. Any ideas? Dom (φp) it's ...
0
votes
1answer
890 views

Is the given language decidable for turing machine?

I am going through undecidability of TM and found this question $L=\left \{ \left \langle M \right \rangle |M\ is\ TM \ and \ number\ of\ strings\ in\ the\ language\ \ is\ prime\right \}$ I think it ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Does it matter for this function if the set we check membership of is finite?

I have the following problem. Let $\Phi$ be an admissible numbering of the single-parameter partially-recursive functions. That is, $\Phi(i, x) = f_i(x)$ with $f_i$ the $i$th partially-recusive ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Dovetailing in Turing Machines?

I was going through TM here and encountered a term "Dovetailing". What is exactly the dovetailing in Turing Machines? Can anyone mind to provide a good explaination with some examples?
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Is the given language decidable?

L = { < M > | M is a turing machine and } Obviously, the language which L(M) is polynomially reducible to, is context free and hence recursive, so it is a decidable language . Now, L(M) is ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Is the set of pairs of TMs at least one of which accepts the empty word semi-deciable?

L = { < M1,M2 > | M1,M2 are TM's and Ɛ ∈ L(M1) ∪ L(M2) } Where Ɛ = Epsilon I know that this language is undecidable, but why it is semidecidable too. What i have tried is => Using Rice's ...
1
vote
1answer
404 views

Is this language semi-decidable?

Let $M_w$ be the DTM encoded by the binary string $w$ and let $$L=\{w\#x\,|\,\text{all states are reached when running }M_w\text{ on }x\}.$$ I've already proved that this language is undecidable (the ...
3
votes
2answers
425 views

The Hindley-Milner type system plus polymorphic recursion is undecidable or semidecidable?

I have often read that Hindley-Milner extended to allow polymorphic recursion is undecidable. However is the term used what is actually meant? Or do people actually mean semidecidable when they ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Are there any RE-complete languages w.r.t. polynomial reduction?

I need to decide if there exists $L\in RE$ so that for every $L'\in RE$ we have $L' \leqslant_p L $, meaning a polynomial-time reduction. I've tried to use $L=A_{TM}$ (the accepting problem), but got ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Language of TMs such that one state is visited most often

To be safe, let me start this question by giving the definition of a TM I will be using: A TM is some $M = (Q, \Sigma, \Gamma, q_0, \delta, q_F)$, where $Q$ is the finite state set, $\Sigma \subset \...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Is regularity of the language accepted by a given Turing machine a semi-decidable property?

Given is the definition of a general problem: $\{ \langle M, S\rangle \mid M \text{ is a } TM, L_M \in S\}$. In words: Given a TM M, does M decide a language that is an element of the given set of ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Decidability of equivalence problem with limit

I already know, that the language $$L_0 = \{m \mid \text{the Turing machine $m$ does not stop on an empty tape}\}$$ is not decidable. If I want to know, if $$EQ = \{\langle m, n \rangle \mid L(m) = L(...