Questions tagged [sets]

Questions about finite and infinite sets and multisets, related data structures and concepts.

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Unable to debug my code [on hold]

Problem is MARCHA1 of Codecehf . HERE is link :https://www.codechef.com/problems/MARCHA1 IN SHORT I'LL SUMMARISE THE QUESTION : we are given n number of notes of any denominaton and m is required ...
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1answer
116 views

Prove/disprove that the class of decidable (resp. partially decidable) languages is closed under symmetric difference

Prove/disprove that the class of decidable (resp. partially decidable) languages is closed under symmetric difference. A symmetric difference of sets A and B is the set (A \ B) ∪ (B \ A). I know that ...
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0answers
20 views

Disjoint Set Connected Components With Weighted Graph

I have been trying to solve this HackerRank problem (link). The basic premise of this problem is that there is a tree with undirected, but weighted, edges. The cost of a path in this tree is taken ...
4
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2answers
444 views

Reconstruct directed graph from list of ancestors for each node

I have a problem that I encountered that boils down to the following: Considered this directed graph I found on Google: I have the following information available to me ...
2
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1answer
310 views

How to read off the set represented by a van-Emde-Boas tree?

I'm reviewing my background in Algorithms and DS design. Specifically I never went through the van Emde Boas Tree. Though I can undestand the proto-vEB with related picture. I'm struggling to ...
3
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1answer
70 views

Lambda Calculus as a branch of set theory

This answer to a question about whether C is the mother of all languages contained an interesting tidbit that I am curious about: The functional paradigm, for example, was developed mathematically (...
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1answer
53 views

Variant of the “Stable Roommates Problem” when room has not 2 but “n” mates

I'm looking at the name of a variant of the Stable Roommates Problem, when the rooms have more than 2 mates, ie for example 6 to 8. Does this problem has a specific name? A well-known algorithm? To ...
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0answers
21 views

For a collection $S$ of weighted sets $S_i$, find those $k$ elements that maximise the sum of weights of all sets $S_i$ covered by them

I have a collection $S$ of sets $S_i$. Each $S_i$ has a weight given by how many times this set was observed in some data. I now want to find the $k$ elements that maximize the cumulative weight of ...
2
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0answers
118 views

What is the deterministic time complexity of obtaining the set of distinct elements?

Consider a sequence $s$ of $n$ integers (let's ignore the specifics of their representation and just suppose we can read, write and compare them in O(1) time with arbitrary positions). What's known ...
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1answer
439 views

What happens if the associativity level is greater than the cache size?

I am working on a computer organization caching problem The Problem: What happens if the associativity level is greater than the cache size? I know that associativity level is how many blocks are ...
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1answer
75 views

Finding longest subset arithmetic progression with given difference

Given a list of distinct positive integers, I am trying to find the largest subset that forms an arithmetic sequence with a given difference D. For example, given D = 5, with the set of numbers 1, 5, ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Fast hash function for set equality

I'm searching an hash function for integer set equality that must be fast. It must support update (adding an element already in the set must not change the hash) and union. MinHash has these 2 ...
2
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1answer
95 views

Suggest a Data Structure To Manage 2 Sets

I was given the following problem which really baffled me, and I would like some guidance in solving it. I want to make a data-structure which represents two sets $A,B\subseteq \mathbb{R}$, so that I ...
2
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1answer
94 views

Find 2 sets with an empty intersection

I have the following problem. The problem can be formulated in three different ways Given sets $B_{-n},\ldots,B_n \subset \{1,\ldots,m\}$. Find $i,j \in \{-n,\ldots,n\}$ with $|i| \neq |j|$ and $i,...
2
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1answer
118 views

Given N sets of disjoint subsets, find a set of disjoint subsets such that it satisfies a criteria

Given a collection of sets $S_i$ of disjoint subsets $sub_i$ of a set $X$, find a set $A$ of disjoint subsets $asub$ such that each one of these subsets is subset or equal to at most one subset in ...
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1answer
45 views

How do you compute the Pareto Front of a set?

I need to decide which solution is the best design, in order to do that I need to compare them. Lower energy used and lower weight is better. My initial idea was to order both the fields best to worst ...
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1answer
27 views

Complexity of set partition generation while equivalence relation is given

Given a binary equivalence relation, R on a set A, Let P be the resulting partition. I want to generate the partition means each subset in the partition. What would be the fastest algorithm for this ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Find all subsets with a given sum

How to choose from a set of positive numbers all the subsets that sum to some number x? For example if the set $S=[1,1,2,3,4,5,6,7]$ and I'm searching for all the subsets that sum to $7$ I would have $...
1
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1answer
21 views

Name for multiset with fractional amounts?

What do you call a set which accepts multiples of the same element, even in fractional amount? Is there even an established for this? Example from a video game about production chains: For a ...
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1answer
80 views

Is it possible to add every word in a file to a set in $\mathrm{O}(n)$ time?

The Problem: I am currently analyzing a simple program that takes a file of length $n$, splits it into its individual words (seperated by white space) and adds those words to a set: ...
3
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1answer
68 views

Distinct elements count of huge multiset

I know that HyperLogLog can approximate the distinct elements count of a huge multiset but I was wondering if it was possible, using a method I saw mentioned on an IRC channel, to get an exact answer ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Finding combinations of variables that can take value of -1/0/1 that produce sum of 0 with added constraint

I have 64 variables that can either take a value of -1, 0, or 1 and I am interested in finding all possible combinations of variables such that I have n variables in each the positive and negative ...
1
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0answers
45 views

The maximum number of uniquely intersected elements from the all possible intersection scenarios among the sets in a two-column matrix

Let us define a $n \times 2$ matrix M consisting of integer sets, such that the first column consists of the so-called intersecting sets, and the second column ...
2
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2answers
94 views

What does the intersection symbol (∩) mean when applied to two non-set elements?

I came across a piece of literature in which I saw the intersection symbol (∩) being used on two non-set elements in the definition of an equivalence relation; I have posted it below for reference. ...
2
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1answer
54 views

Basic Set Theory problem

So i'm relatively new to computer science and have been learning set theory and am stumped on a question in it. The question specifies that we're only looking at subsets of universe U = {0,...,n-1}. ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Find K-subset that includes the most W-subsets

I have a set $S$ of $N$ elements, and a set $\Sigma$ of $N$ subsets of $S$: $\sigma_0, \ldots, \sigma_{N - 1} \subset S$, each with $W \ll N$ elements. Subsets can overlap partially or totally. For ...
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3answers
13k views

What is complement of Context-free languages?

I need to know what class of CFL is closed under i.e. what set is complement of CFL. I know CFL is not closed under complement, and I know that P is closed under complement. Since CFL $\subsetneq$ P I ...
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1answer
153 views

Count the number of subsets with product less than or equal to k [closed]

You are given an array $A$ of $n$ positive integers, you have to find the number of subsets the product of whose elements is less than or equal to a given integer $k$. Is there an efficient algorithm ...
3
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1answer
56 views

Algorithm / data structure to filter documents by number of missing words

Is there a data structure or an algorithm or a combination of both to allow me to filter a set of documents based on the number of missing words (compared to another list)? Problem Definition We ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Identifying the Equivalence Classes of a Language with equal number of 10 and 01 strings

I'm doing a problem where I need to find the equivalence classes of the language below: Let A = {x ∈ {0, 1}* | #(01, x) = #(10, x)}, where, for a, b ∈ {0, 1}*, #(ab, x) is the number of places in x ...
2
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1answer
80 views

Union of infinitely many regular languages [duplicate]

I need to prove or disprove the following statement. If $A_n ⊆ \Sigma^*$ is regular for each $n \in \mathbb{N}$ then $\bigcup\limits_{n=0}^{\infty} A_n$ is regular. I know that if two languages ...
0
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1answer
89 views

Proving the singleton language {x} is regular for all x ∈ Σ*

So I'm aware that the singleton language is in fact regular for all x ∈ Σ*, but I do not understand why it is. A formal proof would help, but also getting some intuition as to why it is regular would ...
2
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2answers
96 views

Proving that Every Full Prefix-Free Language is Maximal

I'm practicing a problem where I need to prove that every full prefix-free language is maximal. I know a prefix-free language A is maximal if it is not a proper subset of any prefix-free language, ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Proving existence results

I'm doing a problem where I need to prove that there is a language A ⊆ {0, 1}* with both of the following properties: (i) For all x ∈ A, |x| ≤ 5. (ii) Every DFA that decides A has more than 8 states....
1
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4answers
83 views

Proving B* = B on a given set

I have the set: B = {x ∈ {0,1}* | there is an equal number of 0's and 1's in x} and therefore, B* = {e,01,10,0011,0101,0110,1100,1010,1001,....etc} I need to either prove or disprove that B*=B I ...
1
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1answer
31 views

$A^* = B^*$ with $\{0,1\}$ contained in $A$ but not in $B$

I'm trying to exhibit two formal languages $A,B ⊆ \{0,1\}^*$ such that $A^* = B^*$ and $\{0,1\}$ is contained in $A$ but not in $B$. Finding a language for $A$ is very easy, but I get stuck on $B$, ...
1
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1answer
65 views

Proof of an Infinite Binary Sequence

I have a problem where given an infinite binary sequence S ∈ {0, 1}∞ to be "prefix-repetitive" if there are infinitely many strings w ∈ {0, 1}* such that ww is a prefix of S. I need to prove that if ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Proving $A^\ast = A$ on a given set

I am working on some set theory and am trying to prove how a set can have the property $A^* = A$. For set $A=\{0^n1^n \mid n \ge0\}$, I still do not understand exactly what $A^*$ is. For example, I ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Minimal set of subintervals that 'covers' any subinterval in K subintervals

I have a big interval $I = [a, b]$ of size n. I want an asymptotically minimal set of subintervals of $I$ (let's call it $S$) one can use to construct any subinterval of $I$, by concatenating at most ...
2
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3answers
217 views

N subsets with a given sum?

How to efficiently ¹⁾ choose from a set of numbers $S$, a given number $n$ of disjoint subsets, each with a given sum $K$ of chosen elements? ¹⁾ Not as in $P$, I just want something smarter than $O(n^...
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0answers
43 views

Find a partition of multiset of binomial coefficients with constriants

Given the multiset $S$ where the elements are defined by the binomial coefficient ${n \choose k}$ where $n \in \mathbb{N}$ and $ 0\leq k \leq n$ find the partition $P$ of $S$ such that the sum of ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Can You List the Names of Some Algorithms For Determining the Intersection of Two Context Free Grammars?

Suppose we have two sets of strings XS and YS such that set XS is described by grammar GX and YS is described by grammar GY. We want an algorithm which accepts GX and Gy as inputs. The algorithm will ...
2
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1answer
41 views

Find four sets where each element from those four appears in at least two of those four sets

I have a list of sorted arrays ("sets") of integers $A_1..A_n$ where each element is unique w.r.t. the other elements in the same array: $A_i = \{x_{i,1}..x_{i,c_i}\}$ $x_{i,p} < x_{i,p+1}$ $A_i$ ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

Given a set $A$ of sets find a minimal set $B$ of pair-wise disjoint sets such that each set in $A$ can be expressed as a union of sets in $B$

I recently thought of the following problem: Given a set $A$ of sets find a minimal set $B$ of pair-wise disjoint sets such that each set in $A$ can be expressed as a union of sets in $B$. For ...
1
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2answers
203 views

set cover where only certain special subsets are allowed

I am trying to solve a problem which turns out to be a form of the set cover problem. I've implemented the greedy Set cover approximation algorithm for set cover, but it turns out to not be accurate ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Is a set $B = \{y, \exists x \in A, f(x)=y\}$ recursive if A is a recursive set and f is a $N->N$ total computable function?

Obviously, B would be recursive if for every TCF f, there was an inverse fuction that would return all possible values, as we could just take these and then check if any of them is in A. However I ...
2
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1answer
546 views

compressing a set of binary strings with fixed length

I'm looking for a data structure / algorithm to store an unordered set S of binary strings of a fixed length n (i.e. all ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Parser theory: How to systematically compute FOLLOW sets?

Forgive me for my ignorance as I am self-teaching myself some of this theory... I am having some trouble understanding how to systematically/algorithmically compute FOLLOW sets, given that I have ...
15
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4answers
6k views

Given a set of sets, find the smallest set(s) containing at least one element from each set

Given a set $\mathbf{S}$ of sets, I’d like to find a set $M$ such that every set $S$ in $\mathbf{S}$ contains at least one element of $M$. I’d also like $M$ to contain as few elements as possible ...
1
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1answer
48 views

PL: What solves the type isomorphism $X \cong (X \rightarrow \mathbf{2})$?

In Practical Foundations for Programming Languages, on page 138 (page 156 of the pdf), it says: Requiring solutions to all type equations may seem suspicious, because we know by Cantor’s Theorem ...