Questions tagged [vc-dimension]

The VC dimension (for Vapnik–Chervonenkis dimension) is a measure of the capacity (complexity, expressive power, richness, or flexibility) of a statistical classification algorithm, defined as the cardinality of the largest set of points that the algorithm can shatter.

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Proof of Calculating VC-Dimensions

I still have some doubts for finding the VC-dimension. Suppose $\mathcal{H}$ has VC-dimension $n$. This is the process of how I think about it: (1) Show that there is a set of $n$ points that can be ...
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Do I have the right definition of VC dimension?

I am having some trouble understanding the notion of the VC dimension. The definition I have is the following: The VC dimension of a set of hypothesis functions $H$ is the cardinality of the ...
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VCdim of concentric circles

I have researched this topic in the last time, but no usefull results for me. So I'm here and I please you to help me with the following problem: What is $VCdim$($\mathcal{H}$), where $\mathcal{H}$ is ...
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VC Dimension of the class of $k$-dimensional cross-polytope (1-norm ($l_1$) ball)

What is the VC Dimension of the class of $k$-dimensional cross-polytope (1-norm ($l_1$) balls)? A $k$-dimensional $l_1$ ball with radius $r\in \mathcal R$ and center $\mathbb v\in \mathcal R^k$ is $\{\...
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Pseudo-dimension of a subset of affine functions

Let's say there are two sets of affine functions. $\mathcal{A} = \{ax +b \mid a,b \in \mathbb{R}\}$ $\mathcal{H} = \{2x + 1, x, 3x + 4, 4x\}$ I know that the $\mathrm{Pdim}(\mathcal{A}) = 2$. From ...
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VC dimension of a combination of two hypothesis classes

I have found this exercise and I cannot solve it: In $X=\mathbb R^2$, let's observe two models $H_1$ (rectangle with sides parallel to the coordinate axes) and $H_2$ (lines). We define a model $H_3$ ...
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Why is deep learning hyped despite bad VC dimension?

The Vapnik–Chervonenkis (VC)-dimension formula for neural networks ranges from $O(E)$ to $O(E^2)$, with $O(E^2V^2)$ in the worst case, where $E$ is the number of edges and $V$ is the number of nodes. ...
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VC dimension of axis-aligned hyperplanes and their complements

This is a problem of VC that I've been trying to solve. Any help is appreciated. Let's assume hypothesis classes $H_{\mathit{init}}$ of initial segments over domain $X = \mathbb R$ and $H_{\mathit{...
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VC dimension of set of functions

Let $\chi$ be an instance space and $H \in \{0, 1\}^\chi$ a class with finite VC-dimension. For each $x \in X$ we consider $z_x\colon H \rightarrow \{0, 1\}$ s.t. $z_x(h) = h(x), \forall h \in H$. Let ...
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Understanding growth function of closed intervals in $\mathbb{R}$

I as studying VCdimensions and growth functions and found the following example on Wikipedia: The domain is the real like $\mathbb{R}$. The set H contains all the real intervals, i.e., all sets of ...
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What is the VC dimension of the hypothesis class $H=\left\{f_{\theta_{1}, \theta_{2}}: R^{2} \rightarrow\{0,1\} \mid 0<\theta_{1}<\theta_{2}\right\}$?

I would like to know what is the VC dimension of the following hypothesis class. $$H=\left\{f_{\theta_{1}, \theta_{2}}: R^{2} \rightarrow\{0,1\} \mid 0<\theta_{1}<\theta_{2}\right\}$$ where $f_{\...
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Classes of circle rims

The input space is a unit circle, $\mathcal{X} = \mathbb{S}^1 \subset \mathbb{R}^2$. There is class $\mathcal{F}$ of arcs on $\mathbb{S}^1$, where a point is labeled 1 if it is on the arc, and 0 ...
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109 views

VC dimension of only the rim of a unit disk

Suppose we have an origin centered circle, ie $x^2 + y^2 =1$, so it's in $\mathbb{R}^2$ (2D). It will be classified as 1 if it lies only on this arc, and will be labeled 0 otherwise. What is the VC ...
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PAC learning vs. learning on uniform distribution

The class of function $\mathcal{F}$ is PAC-learnable if there exists an algorithm $A$ such that for any distribution $D$, any unknown function $f$ and any $\epsilon, \delta$ it holds that there exists ...
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Uniform Convergence and VC Theroy

I've started reading more about statistical learning theory, specifically this paper right here and I cannot understand the following part: It turns out the conditions required to render empirical ...
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Proof of uniform convergence if VC dimension is finite

In the book »Understanding Machine Learning: From Theory to Algorithms«, written by Ben-David and Shalev-Shwartz, there is a proof which I do not understand. The context is proving that if a ...
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VC dimension of the class of polynomial classifiers of degree $n$

I came across this statement on page 85 of the book "understanding machine learning: from theory to algorithms" The general idea is as follows: Consider a binary classification problem with the ...
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How can the VC-dimension of Turing machine be finite?

The VC-dimension of a hypothesis class $\mathcal{H}$ is defined to be the size of the maximal set $C$ such that $\mathcal{H}$ cannot shutter. This paper shows that the VC-dimension of the set of all ...
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VC Dimension of Origin-Centered Circle

Is the VC dimension of an origin-centered circle 1 or 2? It seems to me that the VC dimension of an origin centered circle should be 1, because for two points with distances from the origin r1 <= ...
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VC dimension of finite unions of one-sided intervals

What is the VC dimension of $k$ finite unions of one-sided intervals: If we take 3 one-sided intervals like $(-\infty, a_1] $, $(-\infty, a_2] $ and $(-\infty, a_3] $, I think union of these ...
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VC Dimension of A Set of Hypothesis

I am confused about what does a VC dimension of a set of hypothesis means. I have two hypothesis, say $H_1$ with VC dimension of $x$, and $H_2$ of VC dimension of $y$. Does this automatically mean ...
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VC dimensions: Let ${x_1, \ldots, x_N}$ be $N$ labelled points on $\mathbb{R}$, then there exists a sinusoid that separates these points

(Proposition, pg 26): Let ${x_1, \ldots, x_N}$ be $N$ points on $\mathbb{R}$, $N \in \mathbb{Z}$, labelled either $+1$ or $-1$ , then there exists a function from the set $\{t \mapsto \sin(\omega t)| \...
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Geometric intuition behind VC-dimension

Recently, I learnt about VC-dimension and how its boundedness assures PAC learnability on uncountable range spaces (let's assume that hypothesis class is the same as the family of concepts we want to ...
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Is it a problem that "successful" machine learning algorithms have large VC dimension?

In my limited exposure, it appears that "successful" machine learning algorithms tend to have very large VC dimension. For example, XGBoost is famous for being used to win the Higgs Boson Kaggle ...
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VC dimension and binary operations

There are two classes of binary functions, $F_1,F_2$. The VC-dimension of $F_i$ is $d_i$. Is there any simple formula for the VC-dimension of the following classes? $F_\lor := \{ f_1(x) \lor f_2(x) |...
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VC dimension of linear separator in 3D

I am confused about the Vapnik-Chervonenkis dimension of a linear separator in 3 dimensions. In three dimensions, a linear separator would be a plane, and the classification model would be "...
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The VC dimension when the samples are fixed

The VC dimension is usually used in the following way. There is a space of hypotheses. There is an unknown probability distribution. We sample some training-samples from this distribution. We find the ...
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VC dimension of monotone disjunctions of length k over n variables?

There are of course $n \choose k$ monotone disjunctions which bounds the VC dimension at $\log_2 {n \choose k}$. I'm wondering if this is bound at $k \log_2 n$? (Possibly follows from combinatorial ...
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Sample Complexity for Real-Valued PAC-Learnable Functions

Can anyone shed some light on how the VC Dimension affects the sample complexity bounds of infinite hypothesis classes with real-valued outputs in PAC learning, or how to calculate the sample ...
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Why is the VC dimension different on intervals and half intervals?

As I read this lecture for being familiar with VC dimension we find on p. 8: VC(half intervals in $\mathbb{R}$ ) = 1 .... no subset of size 2 can be shattered VC(intervals in $\mathbb{R}$ )...
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VC Dimension Calculation for Intervals

As i See in ML Course a VC dimension calculation is very theoretical. What is the VC-dimension of intervals in R? The target function is specifieed by an interval, and labels any example positive ...
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If one hypothesis class is a proper subset of another, what is the relation of their VC dimensions?

Assume two hypotheses classes $H_A\subset H_B$ defined over the same instance space $\delta$. Assume also $VC(H_A)=d$, does this mean $VC(H_B)\geq d$ ? where $VC$ is the VC dimension. We can use the ...
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VC dimension of 1-NN classifier for discrete metric space?

We know VC dimension of 1-NN classifier is infinite for continuous metric space. Is there any proof of VC dimension of 1-NN classifier if the metric space is discrete?
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VC dimension of complement

Let $C\subseteq 2^X$ be a concept class over $X$ and let $\bar{C}:=\{X\setminus c\mid c\in C\}$ be the complement. Show that $VCdim(C)=VCdim(\bar{C})$. Proof: Let $d:=VC_{dim}(C)$, then there exists ...
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What is usually the next step after showing the VC dimension?

I am new to statistical learning. I have a structure $X$ where I showed its hypothesis class $H$ has VC dimension $d$. All I know now is that I can bound the number of examples by $m\geq \frac{1}{\...
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VC dimension and optimal mistake bound

I have a question regarding optimal mistake bound for learning algorithm There is a famous fact that $VC(C) \leq Opt(C)$, where $C$ - set of learning concepts, VC(C) - VC dimension of C, $Opt(C)$ ...
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How to determine the size of training data using VC dimension?

I want to determine the size of training data ($m$) when I know the parameters $VC(H)$, $δ$ and $e$. As I know the $VC$ bound satisfy this equation: $$ \mathrm{error}_{\mathrm{true}}(h) \le \mathrm{...
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How to find the shattered set size for unknown hypothesis target

My aim is to prove a VC-dimension $d$ for different problems. All the problems I have do not have a target function (or concept) explicitly stated. This unlike most of the examples I came through. For ...
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Vapnik-Chervonenkis Dimension: why cannot four points on a line be shattered by rectangles?

So I'm reading "Introduction to Machine Learning" 2nd edition, by Bishop, et. all. On page 27 they discuss the Vapnik-Chervonenkis Dimension which is, "The maximum number of points that can be ...
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Efficiently computing or approximating the VC-dimension of a neural network

My goal is to solve the following problem, which I have described by its input and output: Input: A directed acyclic graph $G$ with $m$ nodes, $n$ sources, and $1$ sink ($m > n \geq 1$). Output: ...