# Questions tagged [weighted-graphs]

Questions about graphs in which every edge is associated with a weight.

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### Is zero allowed as an edge's weight, in a weighted graph?

I am trying to write a script that generates random graphs and I need to know if an edge in a weighted graph can have the 0 value. actually it makes sense that 0 could be used as an edge's weight, ...
55k views

### Why does Dijkstra's algorithm fail on a negative weighted graphs? [duplicate]

I know this is probably very basic, I just can't wrap my head around it. We recently studied about Dijkstra's algorithm for finding the shortest path between two vertices on a weighted graph. My ...
23k views

### When is the minimum spanning tree for a graph not unique

Given a weighted, undirected graph G: Which conditions must hold true so that there are multiple minimum spanning trees for G? I know that the MST is unique when all of the weights are distinct, but ...
9k views

### Do the minimum spanning trees of a weighted graph have the same number of edges with a given weight?

If a weighted graph $G$ has two different minimum spanning trees $T_1 = (V_1, E_1)$ and $T_2 = (V_2, E_2)$, then is it true that for any edge $e$ in $E_1$, the number of edges in $E_1$ with the same ...
3k views

### Shortest non intersecting path for a graph embedded in a euclidean plane (2D)

What algorithm would you use to find the shortest path of a graph, which is embedded in an euclidean plane, such that the path should not contain any self-intersections (in the embedding)? For ...
602 views

### Optimal meeting point in directed graph

Let $G(V, E)$ be a edge-weighted directed connected graph and $v_1, \dots, v_n \in V$ be some vertices. Let $d(a, b)$ denote the length of the shortest path from $a$ to $b$, for $a,b \in V$. I need ...
10k views

### Modifying Dijkstra's algorithm for edge weights drawn from range $[1,…,K]$

Suppose I have a directed graph with edge weights drawn from range $[1,\dots, K]$ where $K$ is constant. If I'm trying to find the shortest path using Dijkstra's algorithm, how can I modify the ...
255 views

### Shortest Path in a Directed Acyclic Graph with two types of costs

I am given a directed acyclic graph $G = (V,E)$, which can be assumed to be topologically ordered (if needed). Each edge $e$ in G has two types of costs - a nominal cost $w(e)$ and a spiked cost $p(e)$...
210 views

### Minimum edge deletion partitioning of a planar graph

I'm interested in the time complexity of the following problem: Given an undirected planar graph $G=(V,E)$ and a weight function $w:E \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}$ (so weights can be negative, too), color ...
3k views

### What are Markov chains?

I'm currently reading some papers about Markov chain lumping and I'm failing to see the difference between a Markov chain and a plain directed weighted graph. For example in the article Optimal state-...
3k views

### Minimum s-t cut in weighted directed acyclic graphs with possibly negative weights

I ran into the following problem: Given a directed acyclic graph with real-valued edge weights, and two vertices s and t, compute the minimum s-t cut. For general graphs this is NP-hard, since one ...
6k views

### Updating an MST $T$ when the weight of an edge not in $T$ is decreased

Given an undirected, connected, weighted graph $G = (V,E,w)$ where $w$ is the weight function $w: E \to \mathbb{R}$ and a minimum spanning tree (MST) $T$ of $G$. Now we decrease the weight by $k$ of ...
5k views

### Effect of increasing the capacity of an edge in a flow network with known max flow

I need your help with an exercise on Ford-Fulkerson. Suppose you are given a flow network with capacities $(G,s,t)$ and you are also given the max flow $|f|$ in advance. Now suppose you are given an ...
13k views

### Shortest path that passes through specific node(s)

I am trying to find an efficient solution to my problem. Let's assume that I have positive weighted graph G containing 100 nodes(each node is numbered) and it is an ...
928 views

### An edge that connects more than two nodes in a graph?

Is there a way to create a single edge on a graph that connects 3 or more nodes? For example, let's say that the probability of Y occurring after X is 0.1, and the probability of Z occurring after Y ...
2k views

### Shortest walk through a given subset of edges

Given an undirected weighted graph $G = (V, \{E,F\})$, how to find the shortest walk that passes through all edges $e \in E$ exactly once? I'd like to know if there is a general approach to this ...
800 views

### How to impose Euclidean distance constraint in a constraint satisfaction problem without quadratic constraints?

Best reference I could find is this one. However, I could not quite understand this one since there is no numerical example. What I am trying to achieve with one sentence How can I answer the ...
275 views

### Path in an edge-weighted undirected graph

Is it an $NP$-hard problem? You're given an undirected graph $G(V,E)$ with edge weight $w: E \to \mathbb{N}$ and a function $\mathrm{max}$-$\mathrm{visit}: V \to \mathbb{N}$ and a number $W$ in unary....
584 views

### Is it possible to reconstruct graph if we have given matrix of shortest pairs

I'm trying to reconstruct graph if we have given the result of floyd-warshall algorithm, more formally: Let's say we have given undirected weighted tree (graph without cycles) with $N$ nodes, such ...
2k views

### Finding shortest paths in undirected graphs with possibly negative edge weights

The book "Algorithms" by Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne hinted that (see the quote below) there are efficient algorithms for finding shortest paths in undirected graphs with possibly ...
1k views

### Dijkstra with max instead of sum

Is it true that if we replace in the Dijkstra algorithm + with max, then the resulting algorithm correctly solves the problem of ...
1k views

### Adding a node between two others, minimizing its maximum distance to any other node

We are given an undirected graph weighted with positive arc lengths and a distinguished edge $(a,b)$ in the graph. The problem is to replace this edge by two edges $(a,c)$ and $(c,b)$ where $c$ is a ...
2k views

### Konig's Theorem for Min Weight Vertex Cover?

Koning's theorem states that the cardinality of the maximum matching in a bipartite graph is equal to the size of its minimum vertex cover. Wikipedia states that there is an equivalent version of the ...
110 views

### Minimum edge weight k-exact cover with triangle inequality

Suppose you have a weighted graph $G = (V, E \subseteq V^2, w \in E \to \mathbb{R}^+)$, where $w$ satisfies the triangle inequality $w(x, y) + w(y, z) \ge w(x, z)$. Suppose $k \in \mathbb{N}$ (in ...
46 views

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### A* to find the longest path in a directed cyclic graph

I have written an A* algorithm to find the shortest path through a directed cyclic graph. I am trying to modify it to find the longest path through the same graph. My attempt was to write it so that ...
6k views

### maximum weighted path(s) in a DAG

Given a weighted directed acyclic graph (DAG), I need to find all maximum weighted paths between the start node(s), i.e. zero incoming edges, and the end node(s), i.e. zero outgoing edges. My current ...
403 views

### Complexity of shortest paths if paths have to use edges from different partitions

We are given a simple, undirected, weighted, incomplete graph $G=(V,E)$, where $V$ is the set of vertices, and $E$ is the set of edges. In addition, a collection of sets $S$ is given, which fully ...
61 views

### How are graph representations containing only (i, j) instead of both (i, j) and (j, i) named?

When working with undirected graph algorithms using an adjacency-list type structure, it's sometimes enough to store a given edge (i, j) just stored in the list of ...
62 views

### Prove that if we take all the edges in directed graph that are on some shortest path from 1 to N we will get a DAG

We are given directed weighted graph with edges having strictly positive weight(>0) with possibly some cycles with $N$ nodes and $M$ edges. Let's observe all the shortest paths from $1$ to $N$ in this ...
529 views

### Minimum Path cover in a Directed Acyclic Graph

Given a weighted directed acyclic graph $G=(V,D,W)$ and a set of arcs $D'$ of $D$, where the weights of $W$ are on the vertices. The problem is to partition $G$ into a minimum number of vertex-...
137 views

### Path cover with paths of bounded length, in the plane

I have a weighted, undirected, Euclidean complete graph $G$, a special vertex $r$, and an upper bound $b$. I want to find a minimum-cost path cover that covers all vertices of $G$, subject to the ...
368 views

### graph signal processing

What's the intuition behind a ''Graph fourier transform'' ? I'm not so much interested in mathematical details or technical applications. I'm trying to grasp what a graph fourier transform actually ...
363 views

### Is there a relationship between graph entropy and node entropy?

Eagle, et al  discuss the notion of node entropy and this is captured in igraph via the diversity metric. I was wondering if there was any relationship between these node entropies and the idea of ...
505 views

### Weight functions in graph algorithms

In text books, for instance in the 3rd edition of Introduction to Algorithms, Cormen, on page 625, the weights of the edge set $E$ is defined with a weight function $w:E\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. Why ...
236 views

### Single-source shortest paths with even weight

I need help to find an algorithm that calculates the single-source shortest paths in a graph, with an extra condition that the weight of the path has to be even. In another words, we have to find the ...
2k views

### Dijkstra's algorithm to compute shortest paths using k edges?

I am aware of using Bellman-Ford on a graph $G=(V,E)$ with no negative cycles to find the single-source single-destination shortest paths from source $s$ to target $t$ (both in $V$) using at most $k$ ...
8k views

### Dijkstra's algorithm for edge weights in range 0, …, W

Suppose I want to run Dijkstra's algorithm on a graph whose edge weights are integers in the range 0, ..., W, where W is a relatively small number. How can I modify that algorithm so that it takes ...
2k views

### Multiple Source Shortest Paths in a weighted graph

In an unweighted graph, we can find Multiple Source Shortest Paths using the Breadth-First Search algorithm by setting the distance of all starting vertices to zero and pushing them into the queue at ...
328 views

### Maximal Minimum Spanning Tree by Removing $k$ Edges

The problem is as follows: Consider a connected, undirected, and weighted graph $G = (V, E, w)$ and an integer $0 < k < |E| - |V| + 1$. Describe and analyze and efficient algorithm to remove ...
83 views

### Finding minimum spanning tree of a special form graph

I'm trying to find an efficient algorithm that will find me the minimum spanning tree of an undirected, weighted graph of this particular form: My idea was a recursive solution: Suppose the algorithm ...
541 views

### Why can't we run Bellman Ford from the source and relax edges out from the neighbours recursively and do a single pass through the edges?

At each $k$ th iteration of BF, we can are guaranteed to have computed the shortest paths that are at most $k$ long. That makes perfect sense me. If we relax a set of edges $k$ times, then we for sure ...