What is the use of First() and Follow() in compiler design?

I am completely aware of how to calculate first and follow, my professor has taught me that well , but he had not explained what is the need of First() and Follow(), so any explanation why we need them will help me very much.

• FYI, there's a really good answer to this over on Stack Overflow. Apr 25 '20 at 23:40

$$FIRST$$ and $$FOLLOW$$ sets are used by the algorithm which produces an $$LL(k)$$ parser from a grammar. They're also used in a number of other algorithms which analyze grammars, but most students will run into them when learning about top-down parsers.
Parsing is a tiny part of the work of producing a compiler, and in practice you can generate a parser using code-generation tools which avoid you having to know much about implementation details. So I'd say that th4e direct answer to your question is that $$FIRST$$ and $$FOLLOW$$ sets have very little to do with compiler design, but they are useful in the understanding of how particular parsing algorithms work.
$$FIRST$$ of a non-terminal would refer to the very first character of the strings that can be derived starting from that non-terminal. The $$FIRST$$ of a terminal would be the terminal itself.
The $$FOLLOW$$ of a non-terminal $$A$$ refers to the $$FIRST$$ of the non-terminal or terminal that immediately comes after $$A$$ in the dervivation rules.
They are used by parsing algorithms to determine which production to use for parsing a string. If we have a choice of multiple productions, and we wish to generate a string $$x$$ we would like to use the productions that can generate strings that start with $$x$$. This is where $$FIRST$$ can be used to identify such productions.