I am trying to construct an equivalent Deterministic Rabin Automata (DRA) given a Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) Formula. One (expensive) way to do this would be to construct an equivalent Non-deterministic Buchi Automata and then determinize it using Safra's construction.

I am interested to know whether there exist efficient algorithms which can 1. Directly construct DRA from LTL without intermediate NBA construction. 2. Are there any existing tools to do this.

[This is my first question posted here. Kindly point in comment, if I missed any conventions of the forum. Thank you.]

  • $\begingroup$ Searching for "ltl to rabin automata" in Google gives me several results, including this: ltl2dstar.de $\endgroup$
    – xavierm02
    Dec 30, 2016 at 0:36
  • $\begingroup$ @xavierm02 ltl2dstar takes the indirect way though NBAs, which the OP is trying to avoid. $\endgroup$
    – DCTLib
    Dec 30, 2016 at 14:16

1 Answer 1


There is a very recent tool to translate from LTL directly to deterministic Rabin automata. It can be obtained here:


The page not only contains a link to the downloadable implementation, but also has link to a technical report that describes the construction for the translation. Apparently, a peer-reviewed paper about the construction has not appeared yet. Note that the construction is rather involved - the paper has 50 pages, and there is a reason why for many years, the detour though Büchi automata was (and somewhat still is) state-of-the-art.

Note that the computational complexity of the direct translation is not better than the one that one can obtain by translating LTL to non-det. Büchi automata and then applying Safra's method.


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